Days to Harvest: About 9 months.

Light: Sunny.

Temperature: Roots start growing in fall and winter, with little top growth. Should be mulched with straw to prevent heaving in freezing temperatures.

Companions: Fruit trees, tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, cabbage, broccoli, kohlrabi, carrots.

Avoid Planting Near: Beans, peas, parsley.

Preparation: Break apart bulbs just before planting.

Planting:  Insert individual cloves, root side down, about 2 inches deep.

Spacing: 4 to 6 inches between cloves, 2 feet between rows.

Water: 1 inch a week, but best to withhold water two weeks prior to harvest, if possible.

Before Harvest: About 4 to 6 weeks before harvest, hardneck garlic produces a “scape” or flower stalk that coils. This should be snapped off  so the bulb increases in size.

Harvest: Summer, when 2/3 of plant’s leaves have yellowed. Loosen soil with garden fork and lift. Hang and cure in dark, ventilated place for one month.

Tips: Largest cloves produce largest bulbs. Small cloves can be harvested as  garlic greens.